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In the Victorian society, the women didn't work. There was much unemployment and three distinct classes, the upper class, middle class, and lower class. There was also changes in rural life and urban life. The English laws on child labor changed in 1833. It then read that children ages 9-11 can only work 8 hours per day, and children ages 12-18 can work 12 hours per day.
Charles Dickens is considered the greatest of the Victorian era. He his most popular works include A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield, Bleak House, A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations, and Our Mutual Friend. He was extrememly famous and popular during his lifetime, and people enjoyed his works. When Dickens was only 12 years old, a horrifying event happened in his childhood. His father was sent to jail for being broke, and Dickens was pulled out of school to work in a factory. When his factory work was over, Dickens went back to school, but only stayed in school until age 15. Dickens married a woman by the name of Catherine Hogarth in 1836.
Industrialization played a major role in the Victorian Society. It included many technological advances. These advances included the steam engine, electric power, railroads, and the steamship. The textile processes were also improved in major ways. Things were run more by machines, and assembly of objects became faster and more efficent. With the Industrial Revolution new social classes emerged.
The justice system of the Victorian Era was immensely strict and it was easy for people to find themselves imprisoned. Alot of the time, docked ships acted as prisons. As a punishment, inside these jails, it was common to find the prisoners wearing hoods with slits in the front made so that they could not communicate with one another. Another form of punishment in this time period was public execution.
The leisure activities included: croquet or lawn tennis, roller skating, rowing or canoeing, lounging on beaches, golf, riding horses, camping and bicycles. These activities were enjoyed by both men and women. Although the rules and guidelines that must have been followed when enjoying these activities was unequal between the sexes.
Women of the Victorian Era were wives and mothers. It was not ideal for them to venture outside alone for fear of being attacked. This domestic abuse was common. The society led an extremely hostile urban life. It was so intense that if a woman was out on the streets alone, and she paused for even a second, she could become a victim. The women themselves had two distinct classes, upper and lower. Upper class women were educated, and lower class women were not.
The Victorian Era
Queen Victoria reigned
in England from 1837-1901.
When she came to the throne she was a mere eighteen years old. Her contributions included the British Empire, the modern idea of invention, and she created an age of paradox and power.
The Education in the
Victorian era was
not equal by terms of
sexes or classes. A man's education would be taken by a governess at home in the early years and then he would have the chance to attend a university to finish his education. On the other hand, a woman would be taught entirely at home and she would learn practical skills.
Social class determined what you did and how you lived your life. The Upper Class consisted of men and women that did not work, and income came from inherited land and investments. The Middle Class consisted of men and women that performed mental or "clean" work. They were paid monthly or annually. The Working Class consisted of men and women that did physical labor. They were paid daily or weekly.
Social Classes, Education,