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How does one get scabies?
Are sensitive to their envionment and can only live off a host for about 24 hours to 36 hours. It is almost impossible to catch scabies by shaking hands or sharing clothing for short periods of time. Scabies is contracted by close and or physical contact, such as sexual contact and peolonged hugging. Sexual contact is the most common way of getting scabies. Other physical contact such as hugging can spread scabies.
One cannot get scabies from a dog or cat. Scabies for animals such as cats and dogs are called mange. When dog and cat mites land on the human skin, they are not able to thrive and produce only a mild itch and is able to go away on its own.
What is Scabies?
Scabies is a type of STD. It involves an infection by the itch mite (Sarcoptes Scabiei). These mites are eight legged and are about 1/3 millimeter long. They burrow into the skin creating the infection and an intense itching. Are not visible to the human eye. Children, teenagers, and the elderly have a higher percentage of getting scabies because usually have closer contack with people.
Is there a treatment for scabies?
Scabies is easy to treat. Even though there are not any over the counter medications for scabies, there are many ways to treat scabies.
1.) One can apply a mite killer like permethrin(Elimite). These are creams that are aplied from the neck down and left on over night and then washed off. (2 months and older)
2.) Another treatment includes 1 ounce of a 1% lotion or 30 gram of cream of lindane. This is also aplied from the neck down but left on for about 8 hours. Should not apply to wet or irretated skin, because if absorbed by the skin may cause seizures.
3.) There is also an oral medication called Ivermectin. Is not approved by the FDA for treatment of scabies but is effective. Dossage of 200 micrograms per kilogram body weight and taken 2 times in a two week period.
Reminder: If diagnosed with scabies, make sure to wash all linenes, sleep wear, and other materials just in case.
What are symptoms of Scabies and how does it look?
Scabies produces a skin rash and is composed of small blisters and red bumps. Most common place of infection is between the fingers, genital area, bottom of feet, elbows, and around the waist and umbilicus. Bumps may include blood crusts. Usually only 10-15 mites actually are in the effected area. The rest of the rash consistes of bumps and pimples. The itching tends to get worse at night and may prevent one with scabies from sleep.
Symptoms may not appear for up to two months after being infected. Even if symptoms do not occur, one can still spread scabies to other people through close phisical contact. For the first two weeks or so, the itch is subtle. It eventually gets more gradual untill the itching makes sleeping almost impossible.
Are there complications of scabies? What can help stop the high percentage of scabies?
The intense itching of scabies can cause broken or injured skin. This can cause secondary bacterial infections of the skin.
Safer sex practices can lower the chance of getting scabies. If diagnosed, consult with sexual partners, family, and friends to get them tested as well for scabies. Wash sheets and clothing regualaly. If one has scabies and has not yet been treated, one should stay away from sexual as well as very close contact with people until treated. Best way to prevent scabies is by learning about STDs and how they are transmitted.
One can still get scabies durring sex even if using a condom!
Outbreaks of scabies are common in nursinghomes, institutions,as well as in child day care centers!
Call.. . . .
1.) American Social Health Association (asha)-(919) 361-8425
2.)Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)- (888)-232-6348
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