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The effect the Second Congo War had on citizens and children:
The Second Congo War is a children's war. Children fought and died in it. Almost half of the people that died in this war were children, the majority of that were under 5 years old.
Children are often used for soliders because they aren't as afriad of danger, are small and quick, and don't require much rations or pay. Some child soliders are not used as soliders; but as cooks, carriers, scouts, or spies. Children are taken from their homes as young as seven years old. (Mostly by the Lord's Resistence Army) Sometimes children are forced to kill a neighbor or family member, so they cannot return home and don't have a reason to desert the army.
40% of child soliders are young women and girls, used as "wives" (sex slaves) usually these girl's families won't accept them back after the rape they have expierenced.
The Children of the Second Congo War
After effects of the Congo War:
The war officially ended in 2003 with the Lusaka Peace Agreement. However, there is still intense violence in that area including sexual abuse. People also suffer from disease and infection because of poor health conditions. The DRC has some of the worst living conditions on the planet.
5.4 million people have died as a result of this war, 2.7 million are children and 1 out of 5 children will not live past their 5th birthday. However, most of these deaths are not from actual combat, but of diseases and infections. The standard of living in the DRC is one of the lowest in the world.
Many children are neglected by their parents and are forced to live on the street, or join the army for food and shelter.
The lack of education in the DRC is the biggest problem however, without education, the DRC cannot get back on it's feet and function again.
The nation has been raped, murdered and tortured, both mentally and physically.
This rap event was held by homeless, orphaned, and poverty- stricken children. They still manage to have fun.
Child solider in Angola