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THE WAY LIGHT IS REFRACTED:
The objective is a glass lens, making light bend through it.
The glass lens bends (refracts) the light focusing and gathering it.
From the objective lens , the eye piece is on the focal point inside the telescope. The light intersects on the focal point and hits the eye piece which sends out the objects magnified figure to us.
The most basic structure of the telescope would be just the achromatic (objective/glass) lens and then the eye piece is on the focal point of the achromatic lens sending the focused image to our eyes.
Note: The ACHROMATIC LENS is the one that gathers the light then focuses it to the eye piece.
WHAT CREATES A BASIC TELESCOPE?
- an ACHROMATIC LENS
- an eye piece
- some type of surrounding that protects the lenses and carries it