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The Revolutionary War
When: October 1781
Where: Yorktown, Virginia
Who: George Washington and General Cornwallis Strategy: Washington cuts off supplies to General Cornwallis, surrounds the British, and then bombards Yorktown with cannons.
Effects: British surrendered, America won it's independance.
Cooked for soldiers, ran farms and other businesses in husbands' absense, sewed uniforms, made gunpowder, fed and cared for wounded, were spies, and were army cooks and landresses.
When: Fall of 1777
Where: Saratoga, NY
Who: General Gates, General Burgoyne, and Benedict Arnold
Strategy: British trying to take control of the Delaware River to cut off communication between the New England colonies and the other colonies.
What happened: The Americans defeated Burgoyne's army and he surrendered.
Significance: The Americans are now able to convince France to send them soldiers, ships, and weapons.
When: Winter 1777-1778
Where: Valley Forge, PA
Why: Washington's troops forced to retreat and camp out at Valley Forge
Conditions: Very cold; soldiers had no shoes, hats, shirts or coats
Motivations: Washington read from Thomas Paine's newspaper, and his wife often visited to bring supplies.
When: April 18-19 1775
Where: Lexington and Concord, Massachsets
Why: The British were trying to seize weapons from the colonists at Concord.
Who: British and Continental Armies. Continental shot at British behind walls; guerrilla warfare.
Effects: British forced to retreat to Boston, and the American Army showed bravery and determination.
When: December 25, 1776
Where: Delaware River, Trenton NJ
Who: Continental and British armies, and the Hessians.
Strategy: To attack on Christmas while the Hessians were celebrating.
Obstacles: The Delaware River was very icy, and the winter was very cold and tiring.
Effects: Americans got ahold of supplies, won the battle, gave troops strength, and showed Britain they were strong.
1. Soldier shortages
2.Supply shortage: Scarce guns, gunpowder, uniforms, and food.
3.Continental congress lacked the power to tax the states; could not raise enough money for supplies
1. Had a cause; fighting for freedom
2. Foriegn help; France supplied soldiers, ships, and weapons.
3.Leadership; George Washington is an experienced and inspiring leader.
1. Proffesional army; 50,000 British and hired German solders.
2. Loyalist help; also hired African-Americans and Native Americans.
3. Well-supplied; had food, uniforms, weapons, and ammunition.
1. Distance; news, supplies, and troops took a long time to move across the ocean.
2. Lack of cause; British soldiers and taxpayers often questioned about the war.
3. Poor leadership; unprepared to handle America's guerilla tactics.
Role of women
British Perspective, but used by the Americans
Yankee Doodle went to town
A-riding on a pony
Stuck a feather in his cap
And called it macaroni.
In this song, macaroni means highly fashionable, Yankee means an American, and doodle means a fool. The lyrics of this song mean that an American fool riding on a cute little pony, puts a feather in his hat and thinks it is highly fashionable. This is mocking the Americans.
Lexington and Concord
Crossing The Delaware
Battle of Saratoga
When: June 17, 1775
Where: Mostly on and around Breed's hill
Who: William Prescott, William Howe, John Burgoyne, and General Gage
Strategy: ''Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes''
Effects: British won with 1054 casualties, and America lost with only 450 casualties.
Washington's policy towards African Americans in the Continental Army: No African Americans allowed in the Continental Army.
How African Americans chose sides in the Revolutionary War:
Loyalist- Britain guranteed freedom, so many African Americans joined.
Patriot- Many joined in the hopes of winning freedom; ''Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness''
Surrender at Yorktown
Battle of Bunker Hill
African Americans in the war
Q: What is your name?
A: George Washington
Q: What is your personal background?
A: My parents are Mary Ball and Augustine Washington. I worked as a farmer like my father, as well as being a surveyor.
Q: What do you think of the war?
A: I think that the war is too hard on the soldiers, but I still have faith in them.
Q: How have you been involved in the war?
A: I am the leader of the Continental Army.
Q: What is the most difficult part about the war?
A: When I camped out at Valley Forge. Even though I'm the leader of an army, the conditions were still tough, even for me.
Q: What do you miss the most?
A: I miss my wife, Martha.
Q: What suprised you about the war?
A: I am still in shock that despite the conditions, so many American soldiers have not left.
Q: What motivates you to keep fighting?
A: I know that we have enough potential to win our freedom.
Q:What do you think a good soldier is?
A: The first qualification of a soldier is fortitude under fatigue and privation. Hardship, poverty, and actual want are the soldier's best schools.
Q: What tactic do you find effective in war?
A: I think that guerrilla warfare is most effective.
Revolution video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MsRawqxEKhg