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Constructivism is a philosophy of learning founded on the premise that, by reflecting on our experiences, we construct our own understanding of the world we live in.
Constructivism encourages the learner to arrive at his or her version of the truth, influenced by his or her background, culture or embedded worldview
Constructivm creates active and motivated learners, also make students think for themselves; crearing knowledge in their own minds
It is important to create enviroments in which children can construct their own understanding, and constructivism emphasizes the creative, autonomous power of the student to discover the world in their own way
The minds of students develop new knowledge from prior learning.
The student learning must be active, be involved in activities instead of remaining passively observing what is explained.
Constructivism in learning
Students get motivated when the activity provides enough of a challenge (not too difficult) and when the students themselves can see the real purpose of the activity.
The purpose of second-language teaching is to give students authentic experiences, from knowledge about their reality and their mother tongue. Students embark on a process of construction of the language that will provide new tools to face new challenges in their lives.
Technology in ESL/EFL is very useful, for example:computers can be used as a resource, a tool for tutoring, communication,
presentation and writing, a motivator, and an optional tool.
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