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The people of Japan during the Edo period (1603 to 1868) wore kimonos. Everyone wore these it is just that people wore different fabrics depending on what class they were in. Japanese clothing is styled to fit the seasons; for instance in autumn people will wear clothes with fall colors and fall patterns. For the spring, they wear bright colors and flowered patterns During the winter, those wearing kimono tend to wear darker colors and may wear up to 10 layers of clothing. Men, women ,and children all wear this for it was a rule. The kimono background color is usually blue, black, gray or brown with contrasting designs. Kimono with scenes and motifs include; dragons, kanji symbols, bamboo canes or geometric patterns.
Japanese Clothing in the Edo Period
Samurai During the edo period the samurai wore kimonos like everyone else. Their kimonos however were different in the sense that these warriors wore richer, fancier kimonos. This of corse was only because they were high up on the list of classes. The samurai wore a two- piece costume over their kimonos and this was called the kamishimo. Children were frowned upon if they wore bright colors so the samurai dressed their children rather flamboyantly. The samurai also wore a Happi coat over their kiomnos. The happi coat was just a short coat worn with a somewhat tight fitting pants. The obi was usually used to close these coats. In the cold weather a Hanten was worn over both layers to keep warm.
Women Women also wore the kimono and like the men, women wore whatever fabric they could based on what class they were in. Married women had to wear kimonos made out of darker colours and shorter sleeves. It is exactly the opposite when it comes to the young unmarried girls. Then they had to wear a lighter kimono under the origional one. This was called the Nagajuban. This would be in coordination with the rest of the colours layered the women. So the women would wear colours and layers depending on the station and power of their husbands. Exceptionally bright colors and outlandish patterns were typically avoided or sneered upon as a show of immodesty or conceit.
Three types of footwear were prevalent. Waraji and Zori (thong sandles) made of straw and Geta (platform thongs) made of wood. The Zori and Waraji were simple, practical shoes for working. Geta were wooden platforms, made to avoid mud during inclement weather. The height of Geta were flexible and some examples show platforms of nearly a foot. Tabi (split-toed socks) made out of silk, cotton or leather could be worn with any of these shoes.
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