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A famous photo of St. Paul's Cathedral after the Blitz. It miraculously survived major damage from the bombings. This photo has come to represent the unconquerable spirit of the British people during World War II. Photo courtesy of http://www.stpauls.co.uk/
THE LONDON BLITZ
Thousands of Londoners used underground Tube stations as bomb shelters. Photo courtesy of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_blitz
The London Blitz was the period of 57 days in Aug-0ct 1940 when the German airforce (Luftwaffe) engaged in a campaign of bombing London from the sky. It is called The Blitz from the German word Blitzkrieg, meaning Lightning War. They then continued to attack other cities in Britain until May 1941. The city suffered massive damage, but the Londoners, under the leadership of Prime Minister Winston Churchill kept their resolve.
However, as a result of the Blitz, the British civlian death toll rose to over 50,000 people, millions of buildings were destroyed, thousands of people were homeless, and many children became orphans. The London Blitz is an important part of World War II because the Germans failed in their attempt to break the spirits of the British and the allies. Today in London, evidence of the bombings is still visible on some building walls. The British War Museum has an interactive Blitz Experience exhibition where students can have the experience of hiding in bomb shelters and listening to the simulated sounds of Nazi air bombs.
The sound clip above is an exceprt from a famous speech called The Few, given by Winston Churchill on August 20, 1940 to the House of Commons. In it he discusses the contributions of the Royal Air Force fighting the German Luftwaffe during the London Blitz. In it, he reminds people that they owe their gratitude to those few men who risked their lives to fight for their country. Churchill served as Prime Minister from 1940-1945 and 1951-1955. He was knighted Sir Winston Churchill by Queen Elizbeth II.
Sound clip courtesy of http://www.fiftiesweb.com/great-speeches.htm