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Circa 550 B.C.
Zoroastrians believe that there is one universal and transcendent god Ahura Mazda He is beleived to be all good and no evil. He is said to be the one uncreated creator to whom all worship is ultimately directed. Ahura Mazda's creation evident as asha, truth and order is the antithesis of chaos falsehood and disorder. The resulting conflict involves the entire universe, including humanity, which has an active role to play in the conflict.
Persian garments at the start of the Persian Empire were simple and bore little distinction for men and women. Animal fur and leather were widely used, and most families produced their own wool which the women then wove into clothes. Describing ancient Persian attire, Mahera Harouny, who is of Afghani-Persian origin, said:
A Persian, when dressing, first covered the body with white cotton underwear. Over this was placed a single garment a single garment made up of two pieces attached at the rear. The upper part was a circular cut of pleated cloth, the bottom a large long skirt. The skirt had either one or two pleats permitting a long stride of the legs. The top of the garment extended from the back over the shoulders and arms, falling in pleats in front, the large pleats providing ample arm movement, the side pleats over each arm functioning as sleeves. At the waist, a leather belt pulled in all the pleats of the skirt.
The food prepared for persian kings is legendary Persians ate stews made from meat and fruit with herbs They ate rice and bread made with wheat yoghurt was also a staple in persian food tablets from the time of these ancient peoples indicate that the inhabitants of Mesopotamia were using basil, cilantro, cumin and caraway in their food in 4000 BC Apricots, artichokes, eggplants, lemons, lime, oranges, pistachios, spinach, saffron or tarragon all came to Europe through Persia. Other condiments and spices such as cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, coriander, dill, nutmeg, paprika, pomegranates, saffron, sumac, turmeric, as well as orange-flower water and rose water were used in Persian food. Lamb and goat were the primary meats eaten by Persians.
hello: Dorood or "Salam"
I: man (as in MANdatory).
you: to (to)(informal)(singular, slang)- shoma(formal singular,plural).
please: lotfan (lot-fan).
thank you: sepaas or merci or mamnoon.
good bye: Bedrood or Khodaa haafez.
when: key(kei)(similar to pronounce the letter 'K').
Whats Wrong: Chi shod
want: meekhaham (mee-khAham)
I don't know: Nemeedanam (Nemi-dAnam) or nemifahmam (I don't understand)
good: khoob or khosh
Ok: Baashe or OK
what time is it?: saa`at chande?
excuse me: bebakhshid
goodbye: khodaa hafez/khodaa negahdaar or bedrood or roozegar nik
how: chegooneh, chejoori or chetori
Persian calender holidays
1 March-April uncertain
2 April-May Month of strong spring
3 May-June Garlic-collecting month
4 June-July Heat-station month
5 July-August Turnabazi
6 August-September Karbaiya
7 September-October Month of the worship of baga god, perhaps Mithra*
8 October-November Month of wolf killing
9 November-December Month of the worship of the fire - fire was never worshipped
10 December-January Month of the nameless god(?)
11 January-February The terrible one
12 February-March Digging-up Month
The Persian army: c.500 BC
The regular army of the Persian empire contains an elite corps involving a brilliant element of propaganda. These crack troops are known as the Immortals, for the simple and inspired reason that there are always 10,000 of them (in theory as soon as one dies, another soldier is ready to take his place). At the heart of this 10,000 are an even more special thousand - the royal bodyguard.
The army is precisely decimal. Divisions of 10,000 are divided into battalions of 1000, companies of 100 and squads of 10. The bow is the chief Persian weapon, and the armies' tactics are based on rapid movement and light armour.
Flag of Persia 550 B.C.
Ancient Persian Weapons
Bactrians: The region was the birthplace of Zoroastrianism.
Parthians: parthia is a political entity of the Achaemenid governorates.
Good Morning/Sobh Bekheir
Good evening/Shab Bekheir
How are you/Chetori
Youre welcome/Khosh Omadi
My name is/ Esma Man
Pleased to meet you/khosh vaghtam
What's your name/Esma Shoma Chieh?
DAYS OF THE WEEK
1) King and Family
Delam ra zadam beh darya