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Eventually, the Roman Empire split in two and the Byzantine Empire arose, which would become a flourishing civilization.
Greeks arranged their soldiers in a strategic order called a phalanx that helped the Greeks win their battles
In Ancient Rome, gladiators often fought each other in the Colosseum. After someone gets defeated and isn't killed in the fight, the crowd decides whether the loser is to live or not by either doing thumbs-up for sparing his life or thumbs-down for sending him to his death.
After the time of Christ, Greece and Rome adopted Christianity.
The Ancient Greeks invented the catapult, which was adopted by many other European countries during the medeivel era.
Unbelievably, when the Persians attacked Greece and the Greek city-states teamed up to defeat them, approximately 7,000 Greeks, with 300 of those being spartans, fought and beaten 300,000 Persians at the Battle of Thermopylae
In Greek mythology, Zues is the king of the gods, and also the ruler of lightning.
This is the trident of Pasiedon, god of the seas in Greek mythology. He ruled the entire ocean.
Hades was the god of the underworld, who ruled the dead.
This symbol is omega, one of the letters of the Greek alphabet. The Greeks greatly impacted the alphabet, and were the third great impacters of it after Egyptians and Phoenicians. English comes from Greek.
This is a picture of Alexander the Great on his horse: Bucephalus.
This picture shows when he is first taming the horse, who would later become his lifelong partner.
Augustus Caeser was Julius Caeser's grandson, and followed in his grandfather's footsteps becoming an excellent leader of Rome.
The planets in our solar system, other than Earth, are all named after gods from Roman mythology.
Julius Caeser was a very famous ruler of Rome who conquered much land.
Pericles was a ruler of Athens who was ruling when democracy was created by the Athenians and who kept order throughout Greece.
Greek columns greatly influenced modern architecture.
Greece and Rome hold many sights to see, like the Mediterrane-an sea, the parthenon, the Hagia Sophia, the colleseum, the colossus of Rhodes, and Mt. Olympus.
The Greeks weren't the only ones with gods. Almost every ancient country in Europe believed in many different gods and goddesses at some point in their time.
Greek hoplites were the frontline defense of the Greek armies. They had a lot of armor, from head to toe. They had special helmets like the one worn by this one. Their shields were called hoplons, and that's probably how they got their name: hoplite.
Alexander the Great, probably the most well-known person who has his picture here, conquered the entire known world to the Greeks at that time, even conquering part of India.
Spartan hoplites were distinguished by their unique red capes.
Typical Roman legionary during Rome's imperial era
Video game idol Kratos battleing the Greek god Hades with his signature Blades of Athena
During many different periods, the Greeks used the Drachma as their currency.
Like all great civilizations, the Greeks and Romans had excellent navys filled with fleets.
The Olympic Games that everyone knows and loves actually started in Ancient Greece where physical contests were held in a stadium.
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