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Farmers must work in the field from dawn to dusk, but still they were heavily taxed into poverty.
During the Edo period, farmers were viewed as the foundation of Japan and granted a social standing just below the samurai class. Yet the government made their lives harsh and miserable.
Farmer role in the society is providing food and pay huge amount of tax for the government.
Ironically farmers were not allowed to eat the rice they grew. The government take it as tax.
Farmers may only wear simple clothes like cotton kimonos, loin cloths and straw sandals.Wealthy farmers sometimes wore an outer kimono with a design and geta, thonged footwear.
In certain areas the poverty was so intense that, after the birth of the first son, families killed off all subsequent male children. Girls were welcomed since they could be sold as servants or prostitutes.
Edo Period's Farmer
To keep farmers in the fields and away from urban centers, government forces severely restricted their ability to travel.