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The history of the brand cooper begins to the end of years '40.
While in all Europe thunder the guns of the Second World war, the pioneer of the motor sportswomen John deep cooper the cooper Car Company.
It began with the small production but agguerrite it blots some from race, and with cooper 500 it entered to full load tito it in the world of the motors from race. One of its first pilots was quite Stirling Moss.
Exactly ten years after, to the end of years '50, when the private pilots still gained the race, the first cooper to posterior motor ran with the large ones marks like Ferrari, Maserati and BRM who still came down in track with motors mounts to you front.
It was 1958 when Stirling Moss carried the first machine from race to posterior motor (geometry adopted still today in Formula 1) to gain one run of the Championship of the world, and hardly a year after was Jack Brabham to adjudicate the first one of two tito them world-wide constructors of F1 for the brand cooper.
John cooper, however, has not been only active in the contests of Formula.
In years '60 he obtained many successes is on the tracks that in the rally with mini cooper derived from the model mini of series, like as an example the three “Montecarlo” from 1964 to 1967.
In spite of that, unfortunately, although the car in issue was a large one happening trades them, the production was interrupted from BMC in 1971 after to have caught up 150,000 units.
But John cooper did not give itself for won and however she maintained to the brand mini alive cooper.
In order to satisfy the question increasing of cars, in the years eighty cooper has produced kit of tuning and all a series of accessories in order to transform mini in mini cooper, than in 1990 she was only brought back while still alive with the Rover brand.
The demand was remained elevated and John cooper continued therefore to produce to numerous special models of the sportswoman cooper S.
In the West Sussex, John cooper Works has produced kit of tuning for motor and chassis of mini classic until to the end of the production.
The powerful motors and the leggendaria ease of handling of these mini are joints till now.
With the dead women of John cooper happened in a 2000 history piece of the race if n' gone, but its name always is associated to the sport and the motors.
And naturally to mini.
Design and development
(extract from wikipedia)
Designed as project ADO15 (Austin Drawing Office project number 15), the mini came about because of a fuel shortage. In 1956 as a result of the Suez Crisis, which reduced oil supplies, the United Kingdom saw the re-introduction of petrol rationing. Sales of large cars slumped, and there was a boom in the market for so called Bubble cars, which were mainly German in origin.
Leonard Lord, the somewhat autocratic head of BMC, decreed that something had to be done and quickly. He laid down some basic design requirements: the car should be contained within a box that measured 10 4 4 feet (3 1.2 1.2 m); and the passenger accommodation should occupy six feet (1.8 m) of the 10 foot (3 m) length; and the engine, for reasons of cost, should be an existing unit. Issigonis, who had been working for Alvis, had been recruited back to BMC in 1955 and, with his skills in designing small cars, was a natural for the task.
The team that designed the mini was remarkably small: as well as Issigonis, there was Jack Daniels, who had worked with him on the Morris Minor, Chris Kingham, who had been with him at Alvis, two engineering students and four draughtsmen. Together, by October 1957 they had designed and built the original prototype, which was affectionately named 'The Orange Box' because of its colour.
The ADO15 used a conventional BMC A-Series four-cylinder water-cooled engine, but departed from tradition by having it mounted transversely, with the engine-oil-lubricated, four-speed transmission in the sump, and by employing front-wheel drive.
Almost all small front-wheel-drive cars developed since have used a similar configuration.
Italian Mini - MINI-Minor
In 1957 in Great Britain it came asked from the BMC (British Motor Corporation) to Alec Issigonis to plan an economic utilitaria.
The technician faced the demand studying a long car approximately three meters and wide one that could make to seat four persons comfortably.
In order to reduce the space and to remain in the three previewed meters he thought to insert cross-sectionally the motor frontally and in order not to occupy space in the nside he applied the front-wheel drive.
The used motor was the old BMC " To ".
After to have realized a convincing prototype, the patron of the BMC Lord Nuffield it ordered the production in series and therefore Minor Mini Agosto1959 came introduced to the public English the 26.
The large one happening flows also in Italy with the victories of Mini elaborated from John cooper but for the Italians the high price because of the import of it prevented the purchase reducing itself to car snob.
Therefore the Innocents, having already had agreements with the English house for the production in Italy of an other model Austin obtained the licence to produce in Italy Mini and therefore started the construction in the September of 1965 near the plants of Lambrate.
It was happened enormous and Mini divenne a custom phenomenon.
Italian Mini were leggermente different from those English, more were rifinite inner, they had calenders it front different and the posterior cowling adapted to the square plate in use to that time.
The production began with Mini Minor 850, placed side by side in March of 1966 with cooper 1000 and in the October of the same year from Mini t (traveller) giardinetta with the lateral profiles in wood.
During the 1967 Mini endured of the aesthetic and prestazionali modifications.
With the modification to the carburetor, the power of motor 850 increased from 37 CV Sae to 41,5 CV Sae. In January of the 1968 Minor Mini adopted the short lever change, already employed on mini cooper.
In the larger, rectangular October of the same year, after to have old the goal of the 100,000 constructed exemplary Mini change in version MK2 with aesthetic modifications, main to the posterior rear window the more wide one, posterior fanali and calenders it front various.
Mini t become available also in totally metallic version.
At the beginnig of the 1970 Mini adopted the modifications of contemporary English Mini contraddistinte from the previous versions from acronym MK3.
Many the modifications: the replaced flowing glasses from the descendent glasses disappear and disappear the external hinges of the porter, inside improve the aeration of the nside. The range of the colors changes.
The Minimatic with the automatic gearshift and the motor of the depotenziato cooper is born. To the half of the 1971 they come added the front baffle plates to the porter.
In the November of 1971 it comes modernized Mini t that until that date it continued to having the flowing windows.
In the February of the 1972 Mini 1000 and cooper 1300 are born whom the MK3 place side by side. Seen happened of the this new series MK3 it comes abandoned and it comes more added one refined Mini 1001.
The mechanics of Mini 1000-1001 uses the motor of the first mini cooper 1000 but with a single carburetor and drum brakes.
The cooper become 1300 changes the shocks-absorber and passes from the hydrolastic to the new cones in rubber.
Main the aesthetic modification is calenders it front in black plastic.
In the 1972 the mechanical modifications to the cooper carry it to one 71 the maximum power of CV and one 160 the maximum speed of Km/h.
To the beginnings of 1973, with of the agreements Leyland-Innocent they come introduced Export Mini, destined at the market European.
The Export series was composed from Mini 1000-1001 and cooper 1300 with aesthetic and mechanical sagacities improves to you.
In 1974 one appears cooper Export with colors and preparations particular in order to try to contrast at this point pitiless competition.
Of them little time after Mini Italian stopped the production.
Mini cooper celebrate 40 years
No other model has influenced the sport character of the brand Mini as Mini Cooper S.
From beyond four decades the powerful model top to front-wheel drive mark the history of the automobile all over the world, on road, in track and the rallies.
The icona British of the race, John Cooper, it introduced the first Mini Cooper S to the public in the spring of 1963.
To little months from its debut, the leggendario pilot of Finnish rally Rauno Aaltonen conquered the first Victoria with this car in the Goblet of the Alps.
He followed Paddy Hopkirk in 1964 then, with the Victoria of the famous Rally of Montecarlo and arrived others then two victories in 1965 and 1967.
The first Mini Cooper S already were equipped of a more powerful propeller regarding the other automobiles of the age.
Motor 1,100 cc mounted cross-sectionally developed to 70 horses of power and one 92 the maximum brace of Nm.
It accelerated from 0 to 80 km/h in 9,5 second ones.
With its wheels from 10 inches, it caught up the 148 km/h of the maximum speed and one asserted in the competitions thanks to its extraordinary agility, held excellent ease of handling and of road.
Mini Cooper S were constructed between 1963 and 1971.
During this period, they were produced some more than 45 mila in three different motorizations, with piston displacements of 970, 1,071 and 1,275 cubic centimeters.
After 40 years, ended the age of Mini classic, they are the same characteristics that have contributed to the enormous one happening of it put into effect them Mini Cooper S who has made its world-wide debut in 2002.
Mini, and its ingenious concept of guide, is remained such and which, but under the rounded off cowling of most powerful Mini Cooper S of the history of the brand, more it is left over to you finds again you of motoristica engineering assures the maximum appeals to of guide nonthat the maximum emergency for the passengers.
With 163 CV/120 kW of the maximum power and a 210 brace of Nm, this exclusive car catches up the maximum speed of 218 km/h and accelerates hardly from 0 to 100 in 7,4 second ones.
New Mini Cooper
The new Mini 2007 reveals in the three versions Cooper S from 175 Cv, Cooper from 120 Cv and One from 95 Cv.
Five years after the happened one of the first generation she is now more sportswoman who never and consumes little.
On the market to November of 2006. Prices from 19.450 Euro.
The New Mini is introduced now with the second generation of models.
Five years after the launch of the first generation, it toes make one's debut to the Hall of Paris 2006 with new motors four cylinders.
It is sport and it consumes little.
The small athlete has collected the maximum score in the category of belongings introduces in the versions Cooper S from 175 Cv, Cooper from 120 Cv and One from 95 Cv, than in 2007 she will adopt a turbodiesel of new generation.
The external design of the new Mini has been developed in evolutionary way, respecting the look characteristic of the brand, while the inner design has endured one intelligent and modern revolution.
An equipment series new increases comfort and the divertimento of guide.
In all varying has been conserved naturally typical go-kart-feeling the typical one of Marchi, thanks to the low barycentre, one wide track and of the concept “one wheel in every angle”.
The numerous innovations in the field of the motors, the changes, the chassis, the steering and the refraining system, offer a experience of guide of completely new dimensions.
Moreover, with its sturdy auto body and an equipment of exemplary emergency.
Euro will be commercialized in show room already beginning from November 2006 with 19,450 prices beginning from.
NICE but STRONG
The front module of the new Mini gives to all a kind smile, had above all to the new grill of the radiator to hexagonal shape that confers to the two doors like open element an expression still more likeable.
In the new model the division has been press centers them of the advanced edge of the bumper that characterized the radiator of the previous model.
TWO POINT OF BEAUTY
Beyond to the grill of the radiator they are above all the great round optical groups to mark to the face of the new Mini.
The traffics indicator have been integrated in the floodlights.
This configuration more donates to the external design a cleaned up image; “beauty-spots” (in of beauty) more four but only two are not.
On the new model, the lights of position mounted under the floodlights, that they receive also the fog light at call, to acquit the aesthetic function of the two “in of soppressi beauty”.
Sight of behind, introduces muscolosa elegant, compensating therefore the increase of the front module.
The luccica chromium in the handles of the doors, the floodlights, the posterior beacons and rings of the grill of the radiator, on sportellino of the long tank and the line of belt.
The instrumentation has been reduced lessened and covered in round and puriste shapes that with to sobria horizontal geometry of the plancia characterize the formal language of the nside.
The contagiri it is posizionato behind flying, in the directed field of vision of the guide.
Thanks to the slanciata line of the console center them, have been possible to widen the offer of space in the zone of the legs of guide and passenger. All the instruments are easy to use and posizionati in perfectly ergonomic way. The function of the ignition and opening key acquits it an emitter of marks them round; the motor comes started with the Start/Stop push-button.
NOT ONLY BENEFITS
Even wanting to find a similitudine better, on purpose than round shapes, all the rubbers ring do not exit obviously with the hole. However between the many benefits that Mini 2007 boast, it has not been believed, given one consolidated customers of reference, extremely juvenile, dynamics and demanding, to place side by side “to the by now obsolete” Cd reader, also one own Usb door in order to read the Mp3 from an external unit. Because not, also one comfortable Bluetooth interface. A lot of hat this time to Fiat Grande Point that in the Blue&Me preparation of ago virtue of both.
In the same way the Stop/Start key would have to represent technological a practical evolution/and, instead bound having to insert however the appropriate key in “nottolino the electronic one” it makes useless pochino a its praticit.
Would have been much more works them the adottatore the same solution of others marks, that they recognize the “master” to approximately 1 meter of distance (therefore holding the key in pocket or purse), concurring of the putting in motion, the opening of the doors, the baggage car etc
MY MINI COOPER
Thanks to rich and a fascinating offered of varying of equipment and optional, satisfy the most sophisticated demands than personalizzazione.
The car catches up, with materials by hand perfumes like the natural wood and the worked skin to you, all the senses of its customers.
With an immense molding range and the Colour Line personal the inner furnishing is easy adaptable to the preference.
NEW MOTORS: POWERFUL AND ECONOMIC
The motor four cylinders I upset from 1.
6 liters that pulsa under the cowling of Mini Cooper S distribute 175 Cv (128 kW) and accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in 7.
1 second ones, while the maximum speed is of 225 km/h.
The medium consumption based on cycle UE is of 6,9 liters on 100 kilometers.
The supercharging of the motor happens through a turbocompressore of the type “twin-scroll” with two flows separates you of exhaust gases, feeds to you respective from two cylinders.
Thanks to its configuration, the turbocompressore acquits the task to already increase the power to low regimes.
The effect is perceived immediately: the progression of the four cylinders 1,6 liters of Mini Cooper S is found again of single norm in decidedly more powerful motors.
The motor inhaled from 1.
6 liters of Mini Cooper distributes instead 88 kW/120 CV.
The acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h happens in 9.
1 second ones, the maximum speed piles to 203 km/h.
The medium consumption of the new Mini Cooper is of modest 5,8 liters on 100 kilometers.
In first semestre 2007 it will already follow the new version of base, One Mini, with motor four cylinders 1,4 liters from the power of 95 Cv (70 kW).
Moreover, in the first semestre of the 2007 range of motorizations of the new Mini it will be completed from the propulsori with the new technology turbodiesel (developed in collaboration with group PSA - Citroen/Peugeot).
The change, handbook, are to six marce.
As optional automatic transmission to six relationships is available one.
Thanks to the architecture of the auto body, offer one exemplary protection anticrash for the belongings segment.
Although the short jolts, in case of collision of the cargo distances optimize convogliano with efficiency the forces to you.
Six airbag of series the occupants assure a wide protection of all.
A greater active emergency in the critical situations comes on hand put from Sistema antiblocking (ABS), from the electronic Ripartitore of refrained (EBD) and from the Regulation of the brakes in curve Cornering Brake Control (CBC).
A PLEASURE FOR ALL THE SENSES
The encounter with the new Mini is a experience that is not involved only the sight and the hearing.
Above all inside numerous elements find again themselves that address in intense way to the tactile and olfattiva experience.
“The tactile impression, that is the effect of the materials on we, is extremely important”, emphasizes Annette Baumeister, designer of materials and colors The elevated quality is expressed in the valuable materials, the structures clean and the delicate printed publication fantasies in the superficial ones of synthetic material.
Superficial and the covers have been diminished intentionally, the frames have of the filigranate shapes in order to manifest the love for the detail and the value of the employed material.
The formal language of the “Circular Elements” is found again also in the inner panels of the doors, where it has been completed from horizontal structures.
The element centers them of the inner panel has a elliptic shape and it extends until the posterior zone.
The elissi wraps the light one poggiabraccio, one inner pocket of the door and the apriporte round.
NEW POWER STEERING
With the launch of the new Mini it comes introduced also a system of new steering.
I use of new electromechanical power steering EPAS reflects the general strategy of development of BMW Group.
Regarding the hydraulic systems, the new steering contributes to realize a remarkable saving of weight.
Moreover, the servomotore electrical worker comes only activated when the servoassistenza is necessary or comes demanded from the guide.
Thanks to the low weight and the operation based on the demand, the new steering concurs to reduce the fuel consumption of approximately 0,1 liters on 100 kilometers, obviously in the city distances, where there are continuous changes of direction.
Mini Cooper's History
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ooooooooo.. shiny :P lol
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mini coopers are my favorite cars ever
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